Most traffic crashes occur at intersections when a driver makes a turn. Many occur in large parking lots that are open to public use, like at shopping centers. To prevent this type of crash, you must understand the right-of-way rules and how to make correct turns.
Traffic signs, signals and pavement markings do not always resolve traffic conflicts. A green light, for example, does not resolve the conflict of when a car turns left at an intersection while an approaching car goes straight through the intersection. The right-of-way rules help resolve these conflicts. They tell you who goes first and who must wait in different conditions.
An emergency vehicle that uses lights and a siren or air-horn can be unpredictable. The driver can legally exceed the speed limit, pass red lights and STOP or YIELD signs, go the wrong way on one-way streets and turn in directions not normally allowed. Although emergency vehicle drivers are required to be careful, be very cautious when an emergency vehicle heads toward you.
Always signal before you turn or change lanes. It is important that other highway users know your intentions. The law requires you to signal a turn or lane change with your turn lights or hand signals at least 100 feet (30 m) ahead. A good safety tip is, when possible, to signal your intention to turn before you begin to brake or make the turn. The proper hand signals are shown below.
As you prepare to turn, get as far to the right as possible. Do not make wide, sweeping turns. Unless signs direct you to do otherwise, turn into the right lane of the road you enter. See the example below.
Approach the turn in the left lane. As you proceed through the intersection, enter the two-way road to the right of its center line, but as close as possible to the center line. Be alert for traffic that approaches from the road to the left. Motorcycles are hard to see, and it is hard to judge their speed and distance away. See the example below.
Approach the turn from the right half of the roadway closest to the center. Try to use the left side of the intersection to help make sure that you do not interfere with traffic headed toward you that wants to turn left. Keep to the right of the center line of the road you enter, but as close as possible to the center line. Be alert for traffic, heading toward you from the left and from the lane you are about to go across. Motorcycles headed toward you are hard to see and it is difficult to judge their speed and distance away. Drivers often fail to see a motorcycle headed toward them and hit it while they turn across a traffic lane. See the example below.
Approach the turn from the right half of the roadway closest to the center. Make the turn before you reach the center of the intersection and turn into the left lane of the road you enter. See the example below.
Approach the turn from the right half of the roadway closest to the center. Enter the left lane, to the right of the center line. When traffic permits, you can move out of the left lane. See the example below.
Do not try a U-turn on a highway unless absolutely necessary. If you must turn around, use a parking lot, driveway or other area, and, if possible, enter the roadway as you move forward, not backing up.
You can make a U-turn only from the left portion of the lane nearest to the centerline of the roadway, never from the right lane. Unless signs tell you otherwise, you can make a U-turn when you get permission to proceed by a green arrow left-turn traffic signal, provided it is allowed and you yield to other traffic.
You can not make a U-turn near the top of a hill, a curve or any other location where other drivers can not see your vehicle from 500 feet (150 m) away in either direction. U-turns are also illegal in business districts of New York City and where NO U-TURN signs are provided. You can never make a U-turn on a limited access expressway, even if paths connect your side of the expressway with the other side. In addition, it is prohibited for a vehicle to make a U-turn in a school zone.
The corresponding report, Alternative Intersections/Interchanges: Informational Report (AIIR) (FHWA-HRT-09-060), covers four intersection designs and two interchange designs. These designs offer substantial advantages over conventional at-grade intersections and grade-separateddiamond interchanges. The AIIR provides information on each alternative treatment and covers salient geometric design features, operational and safety issues, access management, costs,construction sequencing, and applicability. This TechBrief summarizes information on one alternative intersection design-the restricted crossing U-turn (RCUT) intersection (see figure 1).
The RCUT, also referred to as the superstreet intersection or J-turn intersection, is characterized by the prohibition of left-turn and through movements from side street approaches aspermitted in conventional designs. Instead, the RCUT intersection accommodates these movements by requiring drivers to turn right onto the main road and then make a U-turn maneuver at a one-waymedian opening 400 to 1,000 ft after the intersection. Left turns from the main road approaches are executed in a manner similar to left turns at conventional intersections and are unchanged in this design (see figure 2). Left-turn movements from the major road could also be removed at primarily rural unsignalized RCUT designs.
One typical design (as in figure 2) of an RCUT intersection may have three distinct intersections operating under traffic signal control with just two phases and relatively short cycles. Signal warrants provided in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) provide key guidance on the justification for signal control at the locations where U-turns aremade.(3) One theoretical benefit of the RCUT intersection is that signal controllers for one direction of the arterial could be operated independently of the signal controllersfor the opposite direction of the arterial. It is also feasible to use one controller for the three signal locations.
RCUT intersections reroute minor street left-turn and through movements to an MUT crossover and thereby provide major advantages, including reduced delay and congestion for through traffic on the major road and reduced opportunities for crashes compared to conventional designs. More details on the RCUT intersection can be found in the full AIIR available from the Federal Highway Administration.
Thousands of patients visit UPMC emergency departments (EDs) each year for treatment of injuries and ailments. We work hard to ensure that you receive appropriate care and preparation to safely return home and manage your recovery.
On November 6, 2008, the U.S. Department of Treasury announced that, effective November 10, 2008, the Iranian Transactions Regulations would be amended to revoke authorization for so-called "U-turn" transfers. As a result, U.S. depository institutions and registered brokers or dealers in securities (together, "financial institutions") are no longer permitted to process U-turn transfers for any Iranian bank, state-owned or private, except transfers involving certain specified underlying transactions.
Transactions involving the transfer of funds from a foreign bank that pass through a U.S. financial institution and are then transferred out to a second foreign bank are referred to as "U-turn" transfers. Prior to the current amendment, U.S. financial institutions were authorized to process such "U-turn" transfers for the direct or indirect benefit of Iranian banks (except previously designated Iranian state-owned banks), other persons in Iran or the government of Iran, provided such payments were initiated off shore by a non-Iranian, foreign bank and only passed through the U.S. financial system en route to another non-Iranian foreign bank. This authorization permitted, for example, Iran to sell oil to a non-U.S. customer, who in turn directed their bank, a non-Iranian foreign bank, to deposit dollars obtained from a U.S. bank into a second non-Iranian foreign bank, for the direct or indirect benefit of persons in Iran or the Government of Iran.
To ensure that transactions relating to humanitarian aid for the Iranian people and other legitimate activities continue to flow, the amendment does not affect the existing authority of U.S. financial institutions to process "U-turn" transfers, to or from Iran, or for the direct or indirect benefit of persons in Iran or the Government of Iran, that do not involve crediting or debiting an Iranian account, if the transaction arises from certain underlying transactions including:
U-turn deals damage and then switches the user out. The user will not be switched out if the user is the only Pokémon in the party that is able to battle, if U-turn triggers an opponent's Wimp Out or Emergency Exit, or if using U-turn ends the battle. If U-turn faints an opponent Trainer's Pokémon, the next Pokémon sent out by the user will not be counted for additional experience, and if the user is battling an NPC, the player will still have the ability to switch Pokémon in between Pokémon that have fainted. If the next Pokémon sent out by the user is holding an Amulet Coin or Luck Incense, it will be counted for that even if it is immediately switched out in between fainted Pokémon.
In Pokémon Diamond and Pearl, if the Pokémon selected after the switch-out is holding a Choice item and also knows the move U-turn, they will be forced to use U-turn as their next attack despite not having made a move.
U-turn may be used to switch out of Ingrain, but Ingrain's effects will not be passed on. U-turn can also be used to switch out even if the user is under the effect of Arena Trap, Magnet Pull, Shadow Tag, Mean Look, Spider Web, or Block. U-turn will not force a switch if the user is holding a Red Card or the target is holding an Eject Button.
Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Stuart Levey announced Thursday that the Treasury Department has revoked Iran's U-turn license, further restricting Iran's access to the U.S. financial system. Prior to this action, U.S. financial institutions were authorized to process certain funds transfers for the direct or indirect benefit of Iran, provided such payments were initiated offshore by a non-Iranian financial institution and only passed through the U.S. financial system en route to another non-Iranian financial institution. Treasury's move follows a series of U.S. government actions to expose Iranian banks' involvement in the Iranian regime's support to terrorist groups and nuclear and missile proliferation. 041b061a72